Bouncebackable Footballer: Xabi Alonso.




The Midfield Maestro. The Long Ranger. Flawless GQMF.

It is with equal parts shame and pride that I’ll confess to not liking him when news first broke of his move to Liverpool from Real Sociedad in 2004. Firstly, he was one-half of the Spanish twosome (the other being Luis Garcia) whose purchase was partly-funded by the money Real Madrid CF paid Liverpool FC for the sale of Michael Owen, and since my “I’ve-just-lost-my-favourite-footballer-to-another-club” wound was still so raw that it was seriously impairing my ability to think clearly, it was with near-complete disdain that I assessed his arrival. Secondly, he was handed the number 14 shirt, which was then an empty number for several years, and since it’s my favourite number, my line of thinking was that even a football demigod wouldn’t be deemed worthy to have that number on their back (real mature of me, I know). I immediately decided that I was not going to like this Spaniard–Ever.

However, Alonso proceeded to prove me wrong on every account of my rather-superficial and highly-irrational disdain for him with every single match that he played, with every single pass he completed. The fluidity of his passing and sheer awareness of the game made me appreciate the midfield wars and tactics as much as I anticipate the elusive attacking breakaways. I consider him as one of the most clever and intelligent footballers out there–he’s calm in the face of a storm, confident without being arrogant and a natural leader without being an usurper. Far from being a flashy player, he still ends up as one of the most powerful and influential players in any match when he is at his absolute best. From club football to international football, his sheer class shines through. Eminence grise, indeed.

Soccer - Barclays Premier League - Liverpool v Middlesbrough - Anfield

Bossing the Liverpool Midfield.

Even though he resisted the overtures of Juventus, when Real Madrid came a-calling, it was an offer he could not refuse, and when he left Anfield to come back to the Spanish La Liga to join Los Blancos, I felt a deep and immeasurable sadness stemming from the knowledge that Liverpool FC will never be the same again.

This year though has brought about a double whammy: His time in the International stage and in La Liga has come to a close. True, he will still be very much visible in club football terms as he is now part of the German Bundesliga giants Bayern Munich, but now that he has vacated the number 14 La Roja and Real Madrid shirts, the hole that was left is truly a Herculean task to fulfill.

And so in the end, I was (partly) right—in my eyes, no one can possibly wear the number 14 shirt of Liverpool FC (and La Roja) ever again and be really, truly, categorically worthy of it. It’s just not possible. Xabi Alonso set the bar far too high.




Unusual Nicknames In Football.


Ah, name-calling: a practice that is now inextricable from the intricately-woven culture of football (and sport in general, actually).

Some are “legitimate”, some are gathered from various fansites, forums and word-of-mouth, and some are… from my colorful imagination. Wherever they’re from, all I know is, it is highly amusing and infinitely funnier to give footballers weird monickers:


Xabi AlonsoMr. Perfect, Dexter, The Long Ranger

Daniel AggerDagger, Aggersome

Nicolas Anelka- Le Sulk

Andrei ArshavinArseshaving

David Beckham- Becksywecksy, Mr. PWhipped, Goldenballs

Joey BartonJoey Farton, JB, Mr. Hipster-Homicidal-Secretly a Teddy Bear Footballer

Craig Bellamy- Bellend

Rafa Benitez- Fat Spanish Waiter

Karim Benzema- KBenz

Dmitar Berbatov- BRBtov

Sepp Blatter- Sepptic Blatter, Sepp BlahBlahtter

Bojan- El Jailbait

Jamie Carragher- Carradonna, 23CarraGold

Iker Casillas- Mofeta, El Dork, San Nevernude

Petr Cech- Cechmate

Ashley Cole- A.Hole, Mr. Tweedy

Didier Drogba- The Drog, The Drog’s Balls

Patrice Evra- Whatevra

Cesc Fabregas- Cescbomb

Rio Ferdinand- Braapder, Oreo

Sir Alex Ferguson- Rednose, Purplenose, Hairdyer Master

Steven Gerrard- The G, Captain Fantastic

Pep Guardiola- Peppers

Guti- El Diva, Gutiiiiii!!!!

Roy Hodgson- Woyster

Gerard Houllier- Monsieur “We’re turning the corner soon”

Mats Hummels- Prince Mats

Andres IniestaCasper, Miniesta, Geniusta

Stephen Ireland- Stephen England; Otter

Toni Kroos- Count Kroos

Philip Lahm- Emperor Lahm

Frank Lampard- Mr. Deflection, Fat Lampard, Lumpard

Juan Mata- John Matter

Jose MourinhoJMo, Trollinho, Maureen

David Moyes- Gollum

Thomas Mueller- Precious Tommy

Michael Owen- Little Mickey, PermaCrock, MUMO

Lionel Messi- Football Messter, Mes Que Un Player

Mesut OzilBambi, Deer-Caught-In-Headlights

Gerard PiqueMr. Moc Moc, Mr. Christmas Tree, Piquechu, Mr. HerpDerp

Lukas Podolski- Polkadot, Prince Poldi

Carles Puyol- Slash, Tarzan

Peter Ramage- Rampage

Sergio Ramos- The Ramos, Alice in Wonderband, The Horse Whisperer, El Caballo

Harry Redknapp- ‘Arry ‘Oudini

Jamie Redknapp- Mr. “He’ll be disappointed with that”, Glass

Pepe Reina- El Jester, Pepsicle

Frank Ribery- The Face

Cristiano Ronaldo- Crispy, Eurogrease, Cristina

Ronaldo- Teletubby, Bucktooth

Wayne Rooney- Grannynator, Shrek

Bastian Schweinsteiger- Swaggermeister

Paul Scholes- Gingerpubes

Alan Shearer- She-Ra

David Silva- David Silver

Martin Skrtel- Skittles, Teenage Mutant Ninja Skrtle

Jay Spearing- Spearochaun

Luis Suarez- Gerbil

John Terry- Cockney Yob

Fernando Torres- Fernanda Tresses, Ratita

Francesco Totti- Top Totty

Victor Valdes- The “Not Iker Casillas” Spanish Goalkeeper, VV

Andre Villas-Boas- Mourinho 2.0, Like A Boas

Neil Warnock- Nutter Neil

Arsene Wenger- Mr. Myopia, Mr. “I Didn’t See The Incident”


Do you have your own kickass contribution/s? Leave a comment below and I’ll add it/them to the list!

If You Can’t Beat Them, Tweet Them: Footballers on Twitter.


Image via

From the famous to the infamous to the downright inconspicuous (on and off the pitch), the Twitterverse has now been invaded by football players of all colors, shapes and sizes. They are here to stay, so go on, and don’t fight the urge to send them your best bit of banter/adulation in the space of 140 characters.

Why did I compile their accounts? So you didn’t have to.

Active Players:


Mehdi Abeid-

Charlie Adam-

Freddy Adu-

Sergio Aguero-

Marc Albrighton-

Paco Alcacer-

Thiago Alcantara-

Diego Alonso-

Marcus Alonso-

Mikel Alonso-

Xabi Alonso-

Dani Alves-

Fernando Amorebieta-

Bruno Andrade-

Nicolas Anelka-

Juan Pablo Angel-

Nadine Angerer-

Cesar Arzo-

Alvaro Arbeloa-

Gai Asulin-

Peter Aylmer-



Ryan Babel-

Edgar Badia-

Javier Balboa-

Ever Banega-

Elyaniv Barda-

Karen Bardsley-

Joey Barton-

Sebastien Bassong-

James Beattie-

Alejandro Bedoya-

Yossi Benyaoun-

Darren Bent-

Ryan Bertrand-

Diniyar Bilyaletdinov-

Dexter Blackstock-

Carlos Bocanegra-

Veronica Boquete-

Aly Borromeo-

John Bostock-

Bobby Boswell-

Reece Brown-

Titus Bramble-

Alex Bruno-

Edson Buddle-

Nacho Buenache-

Diego Buonanotte-

Maor Buzaglo-



Yohan Cabaye-

Tim Cahill-

Sergio Canales-

Fabio Cannavaro-

Joaquin Cañas-

Nacho Cases-

Joan Capdevilla-

Juan Carlos-

Roberto Carlos-

Jose Maria Cases-

Andre Castro-

Julio Cesar-

Giorgio Chiellini-

Simon Church-

Tom Cleverley-

Billy Clifford-

Jordi Codina-

Carlton Cole-

Tino Costa-

Lee Croft-

Carlos Cuellar-

Ivan Cuellar-



Stephen Darby-

Jesse Darko-

Charlie Davies-

Curtis Davies-

Kevin Davies-

Scott Davies-

David Davis-

Jermaine Defoe-

David De Gea-

Alessandro Del Piero-


Lisa Devanna-

Sylvain Distin-

Dwayne De Rosario-

Alejandro Dominguez-

Alvaro Dominguez-

Maribel Dominguez-

Ryan Donk-

Landon Donovan-

Michael Doughty-

Shane Duffy-

Ed Dzeko-



Robert Earnshaw-

Emmanuel Eboue-

Nathan Eccleston-

Maurice Edu-

Neil Etheridge-

Jose Enrique-

Jonny Evans-

Patrice Evra-



Luis Fabiano-

Cesc Fabregas-

Ibrahim Farah-

Anton Ferdinand-

Rio Ferdinand-

Suso Fernandez-

Jon Flanagan-

Steven Fletcher-

Andreu Fontas-

Diego Forlan-

Jake Forster-Caskey-

Robbie Fowler-

Ryan Fredericks-

Emmanuel Frimpong-



Daniel Leon Gabbidon-

Sam Gainford-

Jorge Garcia Torre-

Gary Gardner-

Shay Given-

Diego Godin-

Henok Goitom-

Daniel Gomez-

Hercules Gomez-

Jonas Gonçalves-


Esteban Granero-

John Guidetti-

Chris Gunter-


Brad Guzan-



John Heitinga-

Marcel Henry-Francis-

Pablo Hernandez-

Ander Herrera-

Gonzalo Higuain-

Scott Hircombe-

Stuart Holden-

Matt Holland-

Aaron Holloway-

Tom Huddlestone-

Nacho Huertas-

David Hunt-



Andres Iniesta-

Emiliano Insua-



Jordan Jackson-

Nathaniel Jarvis-

Frankie Jay-

Jermaine Jenas-

Raul Jimenez-

Miles John-

Adam Johnson-

Gethin Jones-

Glen Johnson-

Brad Jones-

Jake Jones-

Rafa Jorda-

Bojan Jorgacevic-



Tasha Kai-


Kei Kamara-

Dekel Keinan-

Martin Kelly-

Harry Kewell-

Joshua King-

Sacha Kljestan-

Vincent Kompany-

Leon Knight-

Bojan Krkic-

Dirk Kuyt-



Eric Lamela-

Lucas Leiva-

Aaron Lennon-

Aaron Lescott-

Fernando Llorente-

Angel Lopez-

David Lopez-

Alberto Lora-

Lee Lucas-

David Luiz-

Jordan Lussey-



Shaun MacDonald-

Michel Macedo-

Florent Malouda-

Ivan Marcano-

Eric Martin-

Javier Martinez-

Sergio Martinez-

Juan Mata-

Chris Mavinga-

Jay McEveley-

Steven McGarry-

John Meades-

Neil Mellor-

Felipe Melo-

Alvaro Morata-

Adam Morgan- https//

Bryn Morris-

Fabrice Muamba-

Iker Muniain-




Samir Nasri-

Louisa Necib-

Gary Neville-

Phil Neville-

Lee Nguyen-

Nacho Novo-



Marvin Ogunjimi-

Jamie O’Hara-

Alberto Olmedo-

Oguchi Onyewu-

Tommy O’Sullivan-

Michael Owen-



Dani Pacheco-

Fernando Pacheco-

Dani Parejo-

Jamie Paterson-

Marc Pelosi-

Kris Penny-

Kristoffer Peterson-

Steven Pienaar-

Kevin Pietersen-

Gerard Pique-

Robert Pires-

Lukas Podolski-

Chris Pontius-

James Poole-

Darren Purse-

Carles Puyol-





Sergio Ramos-

Aaron Ramsey-

Pepe Reina-

Koke Resurreccion-

Jose Antonio Reyes-

Micah Richards-

Rohan Ricketts-

Ali Riley-

John Arne Riise-

Hector Rodas-

Jadson Rodrigues-

Alejandro Rodriguez-

Pedro Rodriguez-

Toni Rodriguez-

Jack Rodwell-


Cristiano Ronaldo-

Wayne Rooney-

Manuel Rosales-

Danny Rose-

Tomas Rosicky-

Giuseppe Rossi-




Louis Saha-

Bruno Saltor-

Toto Salvio-

Jordan Santiago-

CJ Sapong-

Jonathan dos Santos-

Robbie Savage-

Lotta Schelin-

Kasper Schmeichel-

Alex Scott-

Caroline Seger-

Gilverto Silva-

Danny Simpson-

Bradley Simmonds-

Christine Sinclair-

Kelly Smith-

Wesley Sneijder-

Kike Sola-

Roberto Soldado-

Raheem Sterling-

Jordan Stewart-

Wojciech Szczesny-

Luis Suarez-



Kevin Thomson-

Fernando Torres-

Miguel Torres-

Roger Torres-

Sean Tse-

Matt Tubbs-

Blair Turgott-





Victor Valdes-

Antonio Valencia-

Rafael Van der Vaart-

Gregory Van der Wiel-

Ruud Van Nistelroy-

Robin Van Persie-

James Vaughan-

Alvaro Vazquez-

Frederic Veseli-

Thomas Vermaelen-

David Villa-



Reece Wabara-

Stephen Warnock-

Vladimir Weiss-

John Welsh-

Theo Wharton-

Ellen White-

Faye White-

Alex Whittle-

Ashley Williams-

Jack Wilshere-

Michael Wilson-

Luke Woodland-





Josh Yorwerth-

James Younghusband-

Phil Younghusband-



Pablo Zabaleta-



Retired Players:

John Aldridge-

Mark Bosnich-

Mark Bright-

Santiago Cañizares-

Stan Collymore-

Kenny Dalglish-

Paul Dalglish-

Lee Dixon-

Iain Dowie-

Jason Euell-!/jasoneuell

John Hartson-!/JohnHartson10

Shaka Hislop-

Chris Kamara-

Nigel Martyn-

Neil Mellor-

Pedro Nieto-

Richie Partridge-


Mick Rathbone-

Jamie Redknapp-

Mark Robinson-


Peter Schmeichel-

David Seaman-

Gareth Southgate-

Ian Taylor-

Phil Thompson-



Did I miss anyone? Leave a comment and I’ll update the list as soon as possible. Thanks!

The Twelve Days of Christmas…Football-Style!


By viewing this entry, you are hereby required to sing the song while reading this post. 🙂


On the first day of Christmas, my true love gave to me…
A framed pic of Spain NT.

On the second day of Christmas, my true love gave to me…
Two Stevie G’s

and A framed pic of Spain NT.

On the third day of Christmas, my true love gave to me…
Three Lions

Two Stevie G’s

and A framed pic of Spain NT.

On the fourth day of Christmas, my true love gave to me…
Four laughing Becks

Three Lions

Two Stevie G’s

and A framed pic of Spain NT.

On the fifth  day of Christmas, my true love gave to me…
Five Owens!

Four laughing Becks

Three Lions

Two Stevie G’s

and A framed pic of Spain NT.

On the sixth day of Christmas, my true love gave to me…
Six Xabis winking

Five Owens!

Four laughing Becks

Three Lions

Two Stevie G’s

and A framed pic of Spain NT.

On the seventh  day of Christmas, my true love gave to me…
Seven Nandos stretching

Six Xabis winking

Five Owens!

Four laughing Becks

Three Lions

Two Stevie G’s

and A framed pic of Spain NT.

On the eighth  day of Christmas, my true love gave to me…
Eight Ikers a-wagging

Seven Nandos stretching

Six Xabis winking

Five Owens!

Four laughing Becks

Three Lions

Two Stevie G’s

and A framed pic of Spain NT.

On the ninth  day of Christmas, my true love gave to me…
Nine Yoanns strolling

Eight Ikers a-wagging

Seven Nandos stretching

Six Xabis winking

Five Owens!

Four laughing Becks

Three Lions

Two Stevie G’s

and A framed pic of Spain NT.

On the tenth  day of Christmas, my true love gave to me…
Ten Webbs a-carding

Nine Yoanns strolling

Eight Ikers a-wagging

Seven Nandos stretching

Six Xabis winking

Five Owens!

Four laughing Becks

Three Lions

Two Stevie G’s

and A framed pic of Spain NT.

On the eleventh  day of Christmas, my true love gave to me…
Eleven Mous a-boasting

Ten Webbs a-carding

Nine Yoanns strolling

Eight Ikers a-wagging

Seven Nandos stretching

Six Xabis winking

Five Owens!

Four laughing Becks

Three Lions

Two Stevie G’s

and A framed pic of Spain NT.

On the twelfth  day of Christmas, my true love gave to me…
Twelve players a-brawling

Eleven Mous a-boasting

Ten Webbs a-carding

Nine Yoanns strolling

Eight Ikers a-wagging

Seven Nandos stretching

Six Xabis winking

Five Owens!

Four laughing Becks

Three Lions

Two Stevie G’s

and A framed pic of Spain NT.


Videos of the Day: The Evil Genius of Jose Mourinho.


So here’s the lowdown: With his club Real Madrid winning 4-0 away to Ajax, Jose “The Special One” Mourinho gets Sergio Ramos and Xabi Alonso to waste time. Both players then get sent off for a second yellow. Ramos & Alonso are suspended for the last group game which is immaterial to their standing. Both go into the knockout rounds with a clean card slate.

Sergio Ramos shook the ref’s hand on his way out of the pitch.

Bottom line? You can’t teach special like that in school, kids.

Pointless Nostalgia: Dreaming of My Own Red Army.


Despite everything that has been happening, I refuse to give up and cry into my Liverpool scarf. It’s not as if the Apocalypse is going to happen anytime soon (knock on wood), and I firmly believe that the Reds will be able to rise from the ashes and recover from this…cruel case of footballing stupor they’ve been suffering from.

Meanwhile, as a wounded, bleeding fan, I am allowing myself the proverbial 15 minutes of wallowing in pain and self-pity–so I hereby present my list of players for whom I would give up my personal fortune to somehow magically join the 2010-2011 Liverpool squad:

1. Xabi Alonso (ex-Liverpool player, now plays for Real Madrid)
In all honesty, Liverpool have never, and for the near future, will not get over the departure of this Midfield Maestro. Every time I look at the evidence of how depleted and weak our current midfield is, I just want to laugh a hollow sort of  laugh because crying has never been my cup of tea. In times of trouble and uncertainty, Xabi can whip up passes and create space for our attacking players with unbelievable competence. His presence of mind and on-pitch awareness is more than enough to stabilize the team when we are struggling. Next to Steven Gerrard, he is the most complete footballer Liverpool has had during this generation, and no matter what Milan Jovanovic will do, he will sadly never ever live up to his predecessor’s legacy. Come back, Xabi, I am ready to beg and grovel on behalf of all the LFC supporters.

The Midfield Maestro. The Long Ranger. All-Around Gentleman.

2. Michael Owen (ex-Liverpool player, now plays for Manchester United)
Spare me the hating, the myopia and the criticism–this man is, and will always be a Liverpool legend for me. Yes, I was hurt when he left for Real Madrid, and yes, I was stunned when he signed for Manchester United, but we have to remember that in between those two deals were repeated, albeit botched negotiations to come back to Liverpool. The prospect of him linking up with Fernando Torres is an interesting one, not to mention that in reuniting with Steven Gerrard, he’ll be with one of the midfielders who can read, find and play him the ball within a 5-mile radius. Let’s face it, we badly need a Fox in the Box, and wee Mickey will play that role extremely well. Although it is highly unlikely that Man United will sell him to the Reds, it is not impossible, and agreeing to move to his boyhood club to fight for Premiership survival will be the ultimate acid test for him, so I’m keeping my fingers (and toes) crossed.

I will never stop hoping for his Anfield return.

I will never stop hoping for his Anfield return.

3. Danny Murphy (ex-Liverpool player, now plays for Fulham)

 Do you see a pattern emerging here? Yes, I am extremely fond of the members of the so-called Scouse Mafia, even after their cruel and untimely demise at the hands of Rafa Benitez during 2004. My memory of Danny as a Red is that he’s always been tireless and hardworking, and of course, who can forget the screamers and match-winners he has scored throughout the years, especially against the Mancs? Heaven knows we can use someone who can blast the ball with a fury of a scorned woman nowadays.

Ever-reliable. Especially against the Mancs.

4. Dietmar Hamann (ex-Liverpool player, now plays for Milton Keynes Dons)
Liverpool’s original Eminence Grise before the arrival of Xabi Alonso, the one fans fondly called The Kaiser. His unique mixture of  German efficiency, nerves of steel and humility will remain unparalleled for a long time. Oh, and I will always bow to his foot with the broken toe that converted the first penalty kick in the 2005 Champions League Final penalty shootout. Speaking of penalties, he is your man if you want them converted without breaking a sweat.

Didi. Always dependable and firmly grounded.

5. John Arne Riise (ex-Liverpool player, now plays for A.S. Roma)
The left-back with the golden strike. I’ve lost count of the number of important long-range goals and screamers he has scored for LFC during his stay. Equal parts famous and infamous for his “We never give up. Cowards give up.” quote during the 2006 season–we can badly use someone with that kind of attitude right about now.

Okay, I’d be lying if I say I don’t miss his trademark goal celebrations, too.

6. Sami Hyypia (ex-Liverpool player, now plays for Bayer 04 Leverkusen)
THE Rock that helped establish Liverpool FC as a Defensive Powerhouse in the mid-2000s. I can still vividly remember the seasons when we were called “The Best Defensive Club in the Premier League”. Nowadays, Sami would most probably be slapping his forehead in frustration with the quality, or complete lack, of defense in the team. Very few defenders nowadays can measure up to the dedication and work ethic of his. A true Red since childhood, he’s truly one of the wisest signings the club has made.

Super Sami’s made of pure Finnish steel that became the nightmare of rival players.

7. Scott Parker (ex-Newcastle United player, now plays for West ham United)
The Wildcard in my list. No, I am not on a wind-up. I’ve followed him from Charlton to Chelsea to Newcastle United and I truly believe this man is one of the most talented Midfielders in England. He is horribly underrated both by Premier League clubs and the FA. His passing and tackling skills are both on point, and when he decides to push forward, he becomes a potent goalscoring threat. Having had experienced trying times such as injuries, management changes, even relegation battles, and still managing to maintain consistency and diligence makes him a good fit for an obviously struggling Liverpool side.

Stats don't lie. This lad has talent. End of.

Stats don’t lie. This lad has talent. End of.

I hardly think this will ever reach the attention of Roy Hodgson, let alone the new owners, but during testing times like this, it’s a refreshing change to do away with extreme negativity and meta-analyses and simply just…dream. After all, if above us there is only sky, then maybe the supporters’ dreams and wishes can make it up there for the consideration of a Higher Being.

Meanwhile, excuse me while I brush up on my prayers and novenas–Liverpool FC is going to need nothing less than divine intervention now, and you know what, sometimes that isn’t such a bad thing.

Reversal of Fortunes: Real Madrid vs Barcelona Round 2



Never be too sure about anything in football.

Barcelona 0-2 Hercules

Just when I thought that Barcelona was going to walk their match against newly-promoted side Hercules, they went and lost 2-0.

Yes, 2-0. The Primera Liga defending Champions, with no less than 5 World Cup-winning players on their squad, were soundly beaten by humble Hercules.

Operation Giant-killing is now well and truly underway in La Liga.

P.S. Gerard Pique continues to be hounded by unfortunate on-pitch incidents, as his clash with the Hercules goalkeeper resulted in quite a painful, bloody mess:

Don’t worry, Pique fangirls. He’s okay.

Real Madrid 1-0 Osasuna

Meanwhile, Real Madrid went into their match with Osasuna determined to forget the lackluster goalless draw with Mallorca during Week 1. Cristiano Ronaldo made an astounding recovery and came back from injury to feature in Mourinho’s side. Still, a goalfest has yet to be produced by the Los Blancos and ironically, it was new signing, Portuguese defender Ricardo Carvalho, that produced the match-winning goal.

Have a Xabi Alonso side-eye screencap, Madridistas:

Also, this post will not be complete without recognizing that Sunday was the 12th Anniversary of Real Madrid Captain Iker Casillas’ debut in the Primera Liga. All hail the man with probably one of the best profiles in the world:

For this round, Real Madrid wins. Current standing: Barcelona 1-1 Real Madrid.

There you have it, a complete reversal of fortunes for the 2 Title Contenders in a span of a fortnight. To make things interesting, the club that sits atop the La Liga standings right now happens to be Atletico Madrid. I bet the Real Madrid blacksuits are just seething. Then again, it’s still early days so Atletico better enjoy their present standing while they can, for who knows, tomorrow or next week it just might be Hercules lodged in their place.